Children must learn to put the words they see in a text into sounds and make sense of these sounds to read English correctly. Because English employs letters in the alphabet to represent sounds, youngsters must learn letter-sound correlations. This information is taught in phonics to help youngsters learn to read. Children learn the sounds that each letter makes and how the order of letters affects the meaning of a word.
Phonics training teaches youngsters how to decode letters into their individual sounds, an important skill for them to read novel words on their own. Children with letter-sound knowledge will be able to connect unknown print terms to their spoken knowledge.